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Peloponnese

palamidi_view2The Peloponnese is the largest peninsula of Greece. Its north-eastern part is separated from Central Greece (Sterea Hellas) by the Corinth Canal (Isthmus of Korinthos). The Peloponnese, meaning island of Pelops, was already inhabited in the late Palaeolithic era (8.000-7.500 B.C.), as confirmed by the findings in the Franchthi cave of Argolida and in Malthi of Messinia. Its first inhabitants were Pelasgoi or Proellines, followed by the Achaeans. Legend has it that Pelops, son of Tantalus from Asia Minor, came to Pissa, defeated king Oenomaos, married his daughter Ippodamia and became king of Pissa. His descendants, Pelopides or Atreides, reigned in Mycenae and Sparta, cities that along with Tiryntha and Pylos were the centres of the great Mycenaean civilisation from 1600 B.C to 1100 B.C. The Peloponnese has a leading role in Greece throughout its history, both in the Hellenistic and Roman times, when the Apostle Paul came to Corinth, and in the Byzantine era, its culmination point being the time of the domination of the Despotate of Mystras.

 

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