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The ancient Theatre of Asklepieion, Epidaurus

16_ARXAIO- theatre EPIDAVROUThe theatre of Asklepieion of Epidaurus is the most perfect sample of the ancients’ architectural experience in theatrical structure. The monument had already been praised in ancient times by Pausanias the traveller for its beauty and symmetry. It has the typical structure of Hellenistic theatres with the three basic elements: Concave – Orchestra – Stage. The largest radius of the concave is 58 m., while the diameter of the orchestra is about 20 m. There are two friezes, the lower one of which (with 34 lines of seats) is divided into 13 scales and 12 rows, while the upper one (with 21 lines of seats) is divided into 23 scales and 22 rows. The stage building consisted of a big room with four pillars in the central axis and two square rooms at the edges. The proscenium (forestage) had a facade with 14 pillars-semicolumns. Two ramps (anavathres), one from each side, led to the logeion (proscenium), while monumental double gates stood at the two entrances.

 

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